The European Union is effectively the fourth tier of government in the Netherlands alongside the local authorities, provincial councils and central government. Virtually all policy areas are affected in some way by EU policy.
European laws must be either implemented in full (in the case of Regulations) or transposed into Dutch law (in the case of Directives). The Netherlands receives annual European grants and also makes annual financial contributions to the European budget.
The Netherlands Court of Audit regularly audits how the money that the Netherlands receives from and pays to the European Union is spent. We examine whether European grants are spent in accordance with the rules, and whether they are effective. And we audit what is known about problems implementing EU regultations in the Netherlands. We also assess whether the Dutch government provides a proper account of the way in which EU grants are spent.
Our EU-themed web pages highlight three main themes. Each theme centres on a number of questions. Click on a question to view the answer. Our EU landing page also lists all our audits involving the EU.
Financial flows to and from the EU:
- How much does the Netherlands pay into the EU budget and how much does it receive?
- Does the Netherlands spend EU grants in accordance with the rules?
- What are the benefits of EU grants for the Netherlands?
- How will Brexit affect the Netherlands?
How does the EU ensure that its member states keep their budgets in check?
What is the European banking union and will it prevent a future financial crisis?
- Have the European emergency funds achieved their objectives, and when will the loans be repaid?
How has the EU responded to the impact of the COVID-19 crisis?
What is the financial impact of EU COVID-19 measures on the Netherlands?
What measures has the EU taken in response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine?
How is the EU organised and what mechanisms exist for the democratic control and accountability of EU policy?
Latest update 15 December 2022.
Information on this website is derived from public sources. Hyperlinks to the relevant sources have been placed on the relevant pages. The Court of Audit updates the web pages and checks the hyperlinks four times a year. The date of the latest update is shown on the landing page, Frequently used sources are:
- The Netherlands Court of Audit’s website for references to its audits.
- The European Court of Auditors’ website for references to its audits.
- The websites of other supreme audit institutions in the EU for references to their audits.
- The websites of the European Commission, the European Council and the European Parliament for information on and references to specific EU policies.
- The House of Representatives’ website for relevant parliamentary documents.
Information and publications have also been retrieved from the websites of the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB), the Council of State, the European Central Bank (ECB), the Single Resolution Board (SRB) and the European Stability Mechanism (ESM).